Why Lighting Controls Make Sense

Why Lighting Controls Make Sense

Why Lighting Controls Make Sense

Why Lighting Controls Make Sense

Lighting accounts for 20% of the electricity used in commercial buildings. Despite the attention paid to efficiency upgrades, great opportunities exist for reducing energy use by simply turning lights off or dimming them as needed. However, it’s often difficult to get staff or building occupants to cooperate. An automated lighting control system using occupancy or vacancy sensors is more effective in many cases.

Occupancy vs vacancy

Occupancy and vacancy sensors look similar and they both control lights, but they work in different ways. Occupancy sensors automatically turn lights on when someone enters a space and turns them off when the space is empty after a set time.

A vacancy sensor requires someone to turn on the lights when they enter a room. The lights still automatically turn off after the set time, but the lights will stay off unless someone enters the room and manually turns on the switch. This can save even more energy by eliminating those extra minutes of unnecessary lighting.

Finding the right fit

There are two major types of sensors; each has strengths and weaknesses:

  • Infrared sensors detect motion from a heat source (such as a person) and therefore need to see the occupant, so they usually don’t perform well in restroom stalls or office cubicles. Also, slight motions (such as typing on a keyboard) aren’t always detected.
  • Ultrasonic models detect motion from objects using sound waves and are good at sensing small movements. They also don’t need to see the occupant directly. However, because ultrasonic waves bounce off room surfaces, any movement will alter their return patterns.

Occupancy or vacancy sensors may not be a good fit for every part of your facility. Start by identifying spaces that are unoccupied on a regular basis, such as executive offices, copy rooms, restrooms and conference rooms. Selection of appropriate spaces requires an accurate understanding of how they’re used.

Installation and coverage

Occupancy and vacancy sensors are available as wall- or ceiling-mounted units. To avoid false detection with ceiling-mounted sensors, it’s important to specify a viewing range that matches the application. For example, a hallway sensor should look in two directions but not into an office, while a conference room sensor should pick up motion from anywhere in the room. Some of the most common failures of occupancy control systems are from inadequate sensor coverage or improper tuning of a sensor’s sensitivity.

Coverage area of sensors depends on the room arrangement, room geometry, the presence of partitions, type of sensor, location of sensor, sensitivity setting and type of motion. Ultrasonic sensors cover a wider range than infrared sensors but are more prone to false triggering from air motion. Wall-mounted sensors typically cover much larger areas than ceiling-mounted models. Integrating multiple sensors may be necessary to cover the entire area. Each sensor has controls to adjust the time interval before lights are turned off, typically ranging from one to 15 minutes.

Save energy with sensors

When properly installed and located, occupancy and vacancy sensors can significantly reduce your lighting costs, while maintaining comfort, safety and security in your facility.

Improving Energy Performance: Five Questions to Ask

Improving Energy Performance: 5 Questions to Ask

Improving Energy Performance: Five Questions to Ask

Improving Energy Performance: Five Questions to Ask

Chances are, there’s plenty of energy waste at your facility. Finding the sources of that waste and improving efficiency can be difficult. Start with a little investigation. Take a look around your facility and ask yourself the following questions:


1. Are there linear fluorescent lamps in the office or production area?

T12 lamps are no longer manufactured for sale in the United States and there are fewer T8 lamps to choose from, due to federal energy efficiency regulations. Now is the perfect time to switch to higher-efficiency and longer-lasting LED replacement lamps or fixtures.


2. Have building controls been properly tuned?

Energy management systems can reduce operating costs, but it’s easy to forget about them. Over time, sensors, thermostats and other controls can become out of tune. Ensure all system components are calibrated properly and updated to reflect seasonal changes and occupancy schedules.


3. Are plug loads using energy when they’re not in use?

Electronic equipment continues to operate 24/7, whether anyone is using it or not. Employ power management settings on computers and office equipment. Smart plugs power down devices after hours or when they’re not in use. Occupancy sensors can reduce energy use for vending machines.


4. Is maintenance reactive in nature, responding only to problems?

Scheduled, preventive maintenance for lighting and building systems can save on energy costs and keep building occupants comfortable and productive all year long. A successful preventive maintenance program requires written procedures, training and documentation.


5. Is your facility filled with personal appliances?

Space heaters, mini-refrigerators, fans and other small appliances are difficult to control from an energy management standpoint. To discourage their use, maintain a comfortable work environment and provide access to appliances in break rooms and other common areas.


Know your energy score

You’re off to a great start, but to take efficiency to the next level, you need to assess and compare your energy performance. Use ENERGY STAR® Portfolio Manager, a free online tool for measuring and tracking energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. You’ll get an energy score and compare your energy use to thousands of similar facilities.

If your energy performance isn’t where you want it to be, consider a facility energy audit. A professional auditor will help you target the most effective cost-saving opportunities.